SIGHTS IN THE GOBI DESERT 

Gobi Desert


The Gobi Desert is understandably very sparsely populated, but the desolate landscape is a home of many rare and endangered animals such as wild ass (khulan), bactrian camel (two-humped), Przewalski's horse, saiga antelope, snow leopard, mountain sheep, gazelle and the world’s only desert bear – the Gobi bear. The appropriately named desert warbler and the saxaul sparrow hide in the saxaul shrub, the only species of shrub, which can flourish in the Gobi.
In this mysterious and fascinating area, dinosaur skeletons and their petrified eggs have been preserved for many centuries.
The Gobi Desert is rich in many kinds of natural resources as well as copper, gold, coal, oil and so on. Breathtaking desert terrain is one of the most popular destinations in Mongolia.
Yoliin Am


Yoliin Am (
Vulture’s Canyon) was originally established to conserve the birdlife in the region, but it’s now more famous for its dramatic and very unusual scenery – it is a canyon, stuck in the middle of the Gobi Desert, with meters-thick ice almost all year around. In winter, the ice is up to 10 m/32 feet high, continuous down the gorge for another 10 km/16 miles.
Vultures nestle in its famous canyon, through which a stream flows to northeast; therefore, it is named Vulture’s Canyon or Yoliin Am in Mongolian. This canyon continues up to 6 km until finally reaches to the plain cutting the mountain. The beginning of the canyon is quite wide, and it gets narrow even two people cannot easily pass each other if you walk farther into the canyon. The canyon is very steep and about 300 m high in the middle. There are lots of gullies and ravines that stay in dark forever and never see a direct sunlight in the mountain. The stream freezes in winter and starts melting late in summer around August or September. Many sparkly streams flow in the Vulture’s Canyon during rainy season making the mountain more fascinating.

Bayanzag


Bayanzag, which means ‘rich in saxauls,’ is more commonly known as the ‘Flaming Cliffs.’

During sunrise and sunset the color of muddy cliffs turn into red and look like big flames. American explorers arrived in Mongolia looking for early men and fossils and finally found a complete nest of dinosaur eggs, the first ever found in the world, from the cliff and renamed it ‘Flaming Cliffs’ considering its appearance.

It is a picturesque site of the saxaul forest with glorious relic of dinosaur bones and eggs. Archaeologists claim that the area has also a lot of unearthed objects from the Stone Age. First excavated in the 1920’s, the area is renowned worldwide for the number of dinosaur bones and eggs found there. The largest dinosaur skeleton, shown in the Natural History Museum, was discovered from Bayanzag.

 

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