Ulaanbaatar city is a capital of Mongolia. In 1639, khalkh Mongolian nobilities announced an assembly and proclaimed Zanabazar, who was known the first living Buddha, as a spiritual leader of yellow hat form of Buddhism in Mongolia when he was 5 years old and then established his palace nearby Shireet Tsagaan Lake east of Mongol Els sand dune. Since palace has a meaning “Urguu” in Mongolian, this settlement was called Urguu where the history of Ulaanbaatar city had started. Subsequently, this nomadic settlement had moved over 20 times before settling in present location in the year of 1778. In the past history, the city had been given several names as Urguu, Nomiin Khuree, Da Khuree, Bogdiin Khuree and Niislel Khuree until it is renamed Ulaanbaatar. Today, Ulaanbaatar is a core of culture, education, industry and administration of the country holding about one third of the total population. The city stretches from east to west along the Tuul River. Most of the governmental organizations, private entrepreneurs, commercial centers and public services are located in the central part of the city while residential areas such as apartments and ger districts are in the outskirt of the city. 

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